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Where Does the Money Come From for Mortgage Loans?

In the olden days, when someone wanted a home loan they walked downtown to the neighborhood bank or savings & loan. If the bank had extra funds lying around and considered you a good credit risk, they would lend you the money from their own funds.

It doesn’t generally work like that anymore. Most of the money for home loans comes from three major institutions:

  • Fannie Mae (FNMA - Federal National Mortgage Association)
  • Freddie Mac (FHLMC - Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation)
  • Ginnie Mae (GNMA - Government National Mortgage Association)

This is how it works:

You talk to practically any lender and apply for a loan. They do all the processing and verifications and finally, you own the house with a home loan and regular mortgage payments. You might be making payments to the company who originated your loan, or your loan might have been transferred to another institution. The institution where you mail your payments is called the servicer, but most likely they do not own your loan. They are simply servicing your loan for the institution that does own it.

What happens behind the scenes is that your loan got packaged into a pool with a lot of other loans and sold off to one of the three institutions listed above. The servicer of your loan gets a monthly fee from the investor for servicing your loan. This fee is usually only 3/8ths of a percent or so, but the amount adds up. There are companies that service over a billion dollars of home loans and it is a tidy income.

At the same time, whichever institution packaged your loan into the pool for Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, or Ginnie Mae, has received additional funds with which to make more loans to other borrowers. This is the cycle that allows institutions to lend you money.

What Freddie Mac, Ginnie Mae, and Fannie Mae may do after they purchase the pools is break them down into smaller increments of $1,000 or so, called mortgage-backed securities. They sell these mortgage-backed securities to individuals or institutions on Wall Street. If you have a 401K or mutual fund, you may even own some. Perhaps you have heard of Ginnie Mae bonds? Those are securities backed by the mortgages on FHA and VA loans.

These bonds are not ownership in your loan specifically, but a piece of ownership in the entire pool of loans, of which your loan is only one among many. By selling the bonds, Ginnie Mae, Freddie Mac, and Fannie Mae obtain new funds to buy new pools so lenders can get more money to lend to new borrowers.

And that is how the cycle works.

So when you make your payment, the servicer gets to keep their tiny part and the majority is passed on to the investor. Then the investor passes on the majority of it to the individual or institutional investor in the mortgage backed securities.

From time to time your loan may be transferred from the company where you have been making your payment to another company. They aren’t selling your loan again, just the right to service your loan.

There are exceptions.

Loans above $333,700 do not conform to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac guidelines, which is why they are called non-conforming loans, or “jumbo” loans. These loans are packaged into different pools and sold to different investors, not Freddie Mac or Fannie Mae. Then they are securitized and for the most part, sold as mortgage backed securities as well.

This buying and selling of mortgages and mortgage-backed securities is called mortgage banking, and it is the backbone of the mortgage business.

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COLONIAL REALTY INC.
1007 Skyway Hwy.
Atchison, KS 66002
Phone (913) 367-4464
Email: colonial@coloniallistings.com

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"Sharon was very helpful and persistent in selling my home. Sharon and Bob Hanf did an amazing job keeping me in the loop of what was happening with my property and stayed in contact even if there was nothing to report. I really appreciated the dedication and consideration I consistently received throughout my entire experience. I would highly recommend Sharon or Bob or any of the realtors at Colonial Realty over any other realtors for certain. #honest #forthcoming #diligent #persistent #trustworthy #followthrough" 4/4/2017 bretthuskamp
We would just like to take this opportunity to Thank Bob Hanif for helping us find our dream home here in Atchison. He was so helpful and kind and went above and beyond for us which is really refreshing these days. We would highly recommend him if you are looking for an Excellent Realtor and an all around honest Professional with a great work ethic that genuinely cares about what you are looking for and won't stop until you find the home or property that is amazing! 10/2/2016 The Banister Family
We bought and sold our first home through Colonial. We currently have our 2nd home we purchased through colonial. When the time comes, I am sure our 3rd home will be through colonial. We couldn't be happier. Thank you Sharon. 6/30/2016 Alice
Very knowledgeable and understanding to my needs. No pressure and made good on all he promised quickly responded to all questions. was more than willing to work around my schedule and my needs for appointment times. 08/23/2016 SAGE6060
What a wonderful experience buying a house! In a very short period, Bob showed us multiple homes and went above and beyond in providing honest and genuine input for a completely professional experience. Best realtor experience I've had!! 07/18/2016 peggystarr9
Kyle helped me sell my home August of last year. He was very professional and easy-going. He made the process a lot easier for me to understand. There was even an issue a day of closing, at no fault of his own, but he was able to solve the problem and close the house on time. I highly recommend him as an agent. Thanks again. 07/11/2016 RiswR1991
Our experience with Kyle was one we will always greatly appreciate. He went above and beyond to sell our home, and spent so much time helping us to buy the right home that fit our needs. We are certain that Kyle will be the next top agent in Atchison and other surrounding areas. Thanks Kyle!! Your the best!! 07/06/2016 csickler2
Kyle was my agent in closing two real estate purchases in the last year and was very efficient and professional. He guided me through the process each time, gave me tips, kept me appraised on the progress of the sale, answered any questions I had and was present at the closing. I would recommend him highly! 06/29/2016 mwalters1022
I would recommend Sharon Locke to anyone looking to buy or sell in Atchison. Sharon was our seller's agent on a recent transaction and she made the process very easy and successful. I appreciated her insight regarding staging our home and her knowledge of how to market the property at its best. Atchison is a difficult market for sellers, but we had over a dozen showings. After only 13 days on the market, we accepted a very good offer. I credit her expertise with making that happen. Throughout the process, Sharon fielded our many questions and helped guide us to closing. We appreciated her professionalism and attention to detail; nothing escaped her attention. From receiving an offer to closing day, she looked out for our interests and ensured that we had everything in order so we could close on another property the following day. In sum, I'm glad that we trusted Sharon with our real estate transaction. 05/25/2016 bobchilders9
She got me $2000 more in negotiations than I was going to settle for....I was anxious to sell and be rid of the property and she suggested I hang in and negotiate for a little more--and it turned out to be good advice. 04/08/2016 scraven14
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